Agriculture also known as farming is a method of producing food, fiber, feed and many other products through the cultivation of specific plants and raising of domesticated animals. Agriculture was the key reason in the rise of a human civilization, history of agriculture begin thousands of years ago as the early humans started gathering wild gains 105,000 years ago and farmers started farming around 11,500 years ago. Animals like sheep, pigs and cattle were domesticated around 10,000 years ago.
History of agriculture in India dates back to Indus valley civilization and in some place of south India it was even before that. Talking about India it is rank second in the farm output worldwide, according to the statics in 2018 Indian agriculture sector provide employment to the 50 percent of the nation’s workforce and not only that agriculture sector also contribute 17-18 percent of country’s GDP. Indian Agriculture sector plays a important role in Indian economy not only in 2018 but before that also like in year 2016 Agriculture and it’s allied sector like forestry, animal husbandry and fisheries contributed total of 15.4 percent of the country GDP and in year 2014 Agriculture and it’s allied sector provide employment to 31 percent of the Indian workforce. Not just
that but India is top country in the world with the highest net cropped area and followed by US and China. Indian agriculture sector plays a vital role in country’s GDP though it’s steadily declining because of country’s board based economic growth still it plays a important role in country’s overall socio- economic fabric of India. India is also one of the biggest exporters of agricultural goods worldwide. Indian agricultural and processed food are exported worldwide with more than 120 countries, mainly to Japan, SAARC countries, Southeast Asia, United States and the European Union. According to the 2014 FOA world Agriculture statistics India is a large producer of fresh fruits like Mango, Banana and vegetables like chickpea and major spices like ginger, pepper and India is also the second largest producer of rice and wheat and the world major food staple. India is also ranked the word’s five largest producer of Agricultural produced products at over 80 percent and India is one of the five largest producer of poultry meat and livestock, with one of the rapid growth rates as of 2011. Report of 2008 claimed that India’s ability to grow rice and wheat is far less then it’s rapid growing population but the recent study has claimed that Indian agricultural sector can easily feed it’s growing population as well as produce enough wheat and rice for global export.
Though Agricultural sector plays an important role in Indian economy still our Farmer’s are facing a lot of problems like low price for their farm produce, lack of infrastructure like not a proper roads to deliver their goods, irrigation system which lead to crop failure due to lack of water, lack of cold storage which leads to spoilage of over 30 percent of farmers produce to waste. Indian farmers only receive 10-23 percent of the total price that a customer pays for the same product and because of some of these reasons we hear a lot about farmer’s suicide cases in India, according to National Crime Record Bureau in 2012 reported 13,754 suicide cases of farmer’s. Farmers suicide case account for 11.2 percent of all the suicide cases in India. Many scholars and activist and have provided a number of conflicting reasons for Farmer suicide in India such as high debt burden, monsoon failure, public mental health and many more still we can only assume what a farmer is facing. In recent years Indian government is doing everything they can for the Indian farmer’s like providing lone for agriculture at cheaper rates, cancelling farmer debts and still during this tough time of the pandemic (COVID-19) government is still trying to help farmer by allowing them to sell their produce in market and making it easier still we know it’s not enough but government is trying to make our farmers to provide them with all the necessary things they want as they know if we can’t protect out farmer who provide us food and help with all they got they the country will not progress and surely we should help out farmers in every way we can or their will be scarcity of food grains in the country. We should cheer out farmers for all the hard work they are doing lastly I would only say the slogan of our second prime minister Lal Bahadur Shastri “JAI JAWAN JAI KISAN”